HumanNature

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We are HumanAnimals

We don't know what we think we know. -- Socrates

* Truth is not absolute.
* We manifest a SocietyOfMind more complex than we can imagine.

We have powers and capabilities far beyond those of mortal machines (HumanAgents).

Innate Behaviors, Born With It? Yes.

http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/17/science/17BPINK.html

Innate Social Behaviors

¶Primacy of family ties, making nepotism and inheritance appealing.

¶A propensity to share based on reciprocity where nonrelatives are concerned (within the family, it is free).

¶A drive for dominance and a willingness to use violence to attain goals.

¶Ethnocentrism and other forms of group-against-group hostility.

¶Variation in intelligence (leading to inequalities) and in conscientiousness and antisocial behavior (leading to punitive constraints).

¶Self-serving biases that deceive people into thinking they are freer, wiser and more honest than they are.

¶A moral sense, biased toward kin and friends, and linked to ideas of purity, beauty and rank.

Innate Abilities

¶An intuitive physics, used to keep track of the "oomph" of objects as they fall, bounce or bend.

¶An intuitive biology, used to understand the living world by imputing an essence to living things.

¶An intuitive engineering, used to make and understand tools.

¶An intuitive psychology, used to understand others by imputing to them a mind with beliefs and desires.

¶A spatial sense and a dead reckoner tracking the body's motions.

¶A number sense, based on ability to register small numbers of things (1, 2 and 3) exactly and to estimate larger ones.

¶A sense of probability, used to estimate uncertain outcomes by tracking how common one event is in relation to another.

¶An intuitive economics, used to exchange goods and calculate favors.

¶A mental database and logic, used to represent ideas, associate one thing with another and devise causal explanations.

¶Language, the gift of sharing ideas from the mental database with others.


http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/17/science/social/17PINK.html

 The critics of sociobiology caricatured their opponents as "determinists," even though few, if any, people believe human nature is fully determined by the genes. Could Dr. Pinker's description of the Blank Slate similarly overstate their views? He says he shows at length how critics like Dr. Lewontin have made statements that "are really not too far from the collection of positions that I call the Blank Slate," with Dr. Lewontin and others having even written a book called "Not in Our Genes."
Though Dr. Pinker believes the politics and science of human nature should be disentangled, that does not mean political arrangements should ignore or ride roughshod over human nature. To the contrary, a good political system "should mobilize some parts of human nature to rein in other parts." The framers of the Constitution took great interest in human nature and "by almost any measure of human well-being, Western democracies are better," he says.
Dr. Pinker believes that human nature "will increasingly be explained by the sciences of mind, brain, genes and evolution." But if political and social systems should be designed around human nature, won't that give enormous power to the psychologists, neuroscientists, and geneticists are in a position to say what human nature is?
"It's a game anyone should be able to play if they do their homework," he says, "so I hope it wouldn't become the exclusive province of a scientific priesthood."

See SkinnersLaw


Learned information is not intelligence. But I contend, intelligence is, in part, learned. Genetics is a powerful way this learning is propagated. Innate and LearnedIntelligence are possible because intelligences are programs not data, but program can also be communicated. Intelligence is ultimately software, not hardware, with genes serving to make them instinctive. -- JimScarver


Humans are generally social and seek approval.

But the urge to engage in AntiSocial behavior is also human.

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