I have spent nearly a lifetime looking for the absolute reality of our world. It turns out that a remarkably simple model works well. Simply rules can make complex systems. The rules of our universe turn out to be general purpose, witch means they can synthesize any imaginable universe. Yet, we live in one particular universe which apparently has FiniteNature implied by quantum discreteness.
All we ultimately percieve is differences or changes. It is surprising to find Nature reveals herself in discrete differences.
Reversing differences are energy, mass, temporature, color, all we perceive is a reversal rate of differences.
There are not worlds in worlds, in the real world where size does matter, it is reasonable to expect quantum means discrete, and discrete means finite. It is the simplest explanation of the quantum brick wall. There are no infinities anywhere. Time is the only infinity. Everything we experience is the direct result of quantum logic and quantum communications. The infinitesimal change, dx/dt, does not go to zero in a finite world, in our world it goes only down to discrete quantum events.
My axioms are what we know, not what we don't know, unlike modern quantum theory. The ExperienceModel is based solely on what we can measure. Many underlying SyntheticModels are possible that result in what we experience, but there is no basis to discriminate between them outside Occam's razor.
The Substance of Existence
Ultimately all we perceive is differences, and in a discrete world, differences must be reducible to binary differences, change or no change.
Thus, for the sake of simplicity, and because it maps readily to experience, I choose systems of binary differences for the synthetic underlying model our world. These manifest universal logic through add, cancel and exclude interaction. The interact by crossing. There need be no action at a distance. I do not restrict the logical dimensions to any particular number, as no definite limit has been determined, and there is no reason to assume there is a limit. In the quantum there is only parollel and antiparolle;, zero or ninety degrees. The number of dimensions is equivalent to the number of variables as in mathematics, and one dimension may be logically mapped into any number of dimensions.
Shannon defined information as conditional probabilities representing the state of discrete dichotomies called bits which discriminate between 50% of possible states. He showed that any arbitrary signal, received by an ideal information decoder, with a finite model of the sender, would communicate a discrete number of bits of information.
He called his measure of information entropy as its equation is identical to that of entropy in thermodynamics. Wheeler et al, showed that in fact Shannon entropy is equivalent to information loss, or entropy in statistical thermodynamics. I think it was Bennett who showed it is equivalent to bits in computation representing bistable states. Zurig and Zinglinger showed the Plank action is equivalent to the binary discrimination. The information universe is made of binary discriminations.
Receiver-transmitters are the stuff of our world; signals are received and transmitted in an aggregate manner which conserves information in the form of energy. State changes are most often sent in a deterministic reflective or transmitted fashion, but the original message may be radically altered, with the receiver acting like a noisy channel. The new signal says more about the object that retransmitted it that the original sender.
Change information reaching us today has been propagated from events at the beginning of time, what ever they might have originally represented is lost to us long ago, it is information without any original meaning we can discern, constrained by quantum logic, not by anything physical or by any particular number of dimensions. We can study the behavior of these change propagations which themselves manifest space, time and matter, but not any "physical" substance which might have originally spawned them. It is, in a sense, pure information without absolute meaning outside the integral state change they propagate.
The logical orderings we perceive are consistent with a cause and effect world where nothing happens spontaneously but is instead triggered by events which manifest deterministic quantum communications and, in aggregate, a deterministic world. While perception, and there for manifestation, in a participator exisence, is an accident of perspective, t'Hooth and others have shown that the probabilities of quantum mechanics are consistant with deterministic discrete electron ballistics.
Logical geometry is unfamiliar to us. So we hesitate to constrain our universe logically rather than physically. But in this model, binary differences are the hardware and the software; they are free to assume a logical geometry independent of what we might prefer.
BinaryDifferentials represent two points, a Yin and a Yang or a zero and a one. Interaction present three possibilities for relative orientation, up, down, or orthogonal (independent) but in aggregate, on the macrocosm they define the illusion what seems to be continuous absolute orientations.
Two binary differences define four points, a tetrahedron of sorts, connected logically perhaps but there are no 120 degree angles to connect them, only 90 degree angles are manifest.
Depending on your perspective on this discrete tetrahedron you could see the differences line up in the same direction, manifesting double change, or see them line up opposite, and cancel each other out, or see them independently, manifesting a little right angle twist in space time to the left or the right.
Information nature of discrete differences or changes
Given gazillions of differences interacting randomly, all things being equal, with 4 possible orientations we might expect 25% doubling, 25% canceling, and 50% folding (left or right). This seems consistent with the distribution of energy and frequencies we observe.
It is clear from the evidence that state change propagations behave nether like waves, nor like particles. Rather that assume they are some weird combination of particles and waves, looking at the data we find that propagations are discrete, not continuous. We have no basis to presume any continuity of any number of dimensions. Harmonics exist, 1/2 1/2 = 1 because the basic logic of interacting changes manifests doublers (synthesis) and dividers (perception). Interference exists because they interfere discreetly. Changes propagate by oscillation, but not continuously, they are 100% or zero. Discrete oscillations may be modeled as continuous sine waves, but nothing is waving, nothing real is varying continuously, relative state changes are communicated exactly. Even our subjective uncertainty is discontinuous. There are discrete reversals in the quantum, no continuous changes.
When many differences add manifesting some discrete quantum state change, it may be positive (Yang, Yang, Yang) or negative (Yin, Yin, Yin), it has binary orientation, and left or right twist, of the second dimension, the trailing opposite change that remains when the added changes are perceived. These correspond to the charge, polarization, and spin, of the leading electric dimension and trailing magnetic dimension. This is a direct analog of what is manifest in an electron state change, as changes deterministically propagate each other through the quantum clockwork of the vacuum energy (ZPE).
In this model Yin and Yang do not exist independently. Differences manifest what we call particles and anti-particles which manifest differences as a unit, not independently. Electrons never exist without a virtual positron partner. All particles are relative in that they represent changes, or differences in state, never absolute state values. Our world is manifest by random samplings of changes inside the quantum box (synthetic model). Changes manifest holes and bumps in the fabric of existence. The anomalies, however, are non local, and may come from the distant past, far away. It may be change information lost to a prior epoch of organization in our universe, from a prior information cycle in an InformationCosmology.
Information nature does not conserve information in many information contexts. In our experience, only the random information sampled from the quantum and propagated into the future by participants we communicate with is manifest. Information is local. Decorerence is the direct effect of missing information, and local. Without information loss, there could be no emergence as there could not be life without death. Our experience, as communicating participants, of what is in the quantum box is necessarily restricted to our random samplings. Information loss is unavoidable. Information loss drives the ecology of information and the order that emerges from chaos, in our participatory existence.
Emergence of time from quantum information/communication
Modern quantum theory does not account for the collapse of the probability wave function at all, unless our knowledge of the probability of an event reaches one. If you believe quantum mechanics, the observer of the last instant of the universe causes everything that really happens to happen, even if it does not include us and our lives. Schr�dinger�s cat does not care what information is available to those outside the box. We are interested in what happens to us. The direction of time in quantum theory is ultimately random, unlike the real world. Quantum theory tells us there may be many worlds, and indeed, the relative nature of things manifests a unique world to each participant. Worlds without participants, however, are not manifest. Information about these other possible worlds is lost. The events, or discrete quantum communications between participants we communicate with are all the worlds that are manifest. As Einstein pointed out, quantum theory actually suggests that the direction of time is random, and yet relativity only suggests time is only relative. Simple experience contradicts both of these views. Time for each object in this universe is the absolute ordering of events. Relativity confirms that no observer can ever see any clock ticking backwards. The absolute ordering for any object is agreed on by all observers. The simple answer is not that time is subjective, but that every receiver of quantum state change communications is a clock, and that both space and time are composed of the absolute event orderings of all the independent clocks of everything that exists in our world.
Time is manifest as reversals, across space as energy, or reflections in one place, manifesting position as velocities in relative orderings and delays manifesting mass, by momentum exchanges.
Synthesis in our world, is by the manifestation of multiple viewpoints in the collective world of participants. Quantum communications between independent clocks are not ordered absolutely in time as in TheCaseOfTheElectronCollision, only the events, non local by nature, are ordered in time. In so far as orderings are not absolute, space is manifest, otherwise time is manifest, as one traverse through events as in the UnitarianSpaceTravelExperience, light speed may be undirected in time and is always zero time for the traveler. Events at the speed of light are therefore non local. The macrocosmic energy of propagations seemingly lost into the vacuum is faithfully propagated by the magic of logic, where information lost to the microcosm (A, B) is resurrected in the macrocosm (A or B) as in the WhitescarverClock.
A reversal may be a propagation across space, or a reflection manifesting position, depending on relative motion. A clock is a tic toc, left right relflection. but moving rapidly relatively can lose lefts or rights, leaving only tics and no tocs, where nothing happens without a tic tock manifesting DiscreteRelativity.
Energy equals clock rate by nu=e/h and represents the clicks of the cosmic clocks in a world where everything is a clock. Although events may lack an absolute direction in time, time is perceived as high energy moving to low energy. This is the expected result as the fastest clocks drive the quantum clockwork of our world.
Space between independent clocks (objects) corresponds to the time (event) independence of the clocks. Space is manifest only by events, in exact multiples of oscillation distance (lambda) defined by the speed of light, c times Planck's constant, h, divided by the energy, e. x
nlambda, lambdach/e. The aggregate of all event spikes maps the absolute signal delay between all the objects in the universe due to their relative time independence. Two dimensional signals across time coming from all directions map our three familiar dimensions.
The mass of space is the sum of all the energies of all the propagations is contains. Most of the propagations are low energy, long distance propagations from the distant past. These are equal from all directions manifesting inertia in any frequency range that we can interacted with, and in aggregate cancel out in the macrocosmic world becoming our zero point energy ZPE, the lowest energy, which we can only measure relative to. The mass density of the vacuum, dirac's soup of virtual particle alternations, as Wheeler pointed out, is only marginally less dense than matter.
Logical ordering is manifest by reception and transmission of state information events at a rate of nu=m*c^2/h. Private internal events generate internal space and time, while ZPE interactions manifest inertia and gravity. Masses manifest delays due to internal propagations. Masses act as memory or delay in a rest frame consiming the past, and generating the future.
Although only slightly more energetic than the vacuum, matter is organized in more than 2 dimensions across time manifesting internal dimensionality that can distort with difference propagations at certain frequencies with respect to external space and time.
From the context of protons, bumps in reality that never decay on their own, information is conserved, and hence provides an information substrate where energy equals information which is conserved. Given any signal of one or two dimensions, protons only manifest themselves. Protons may be described as a pair of quarks. But only quark systems exist, not independent quarks, two 3 dimensional quarks, or 6 differences, define the proton, plus 2 for the electron define a hyper-tetrahedral or binary double hyper helix depending on how you view them.
Measurement turns out to be binary, differentiation of 50% of possibilities until all your bits are used up. What data exists, depends on what questions are asked by accident of perspective.
The computation capability (logical processing) of the universe depends only on energy, or mass by e=mc^2. Quantum systems do massive amounts of computation if their mass is large. That alone accounts for their incredible processing capability. Bits whose bits are not yet determined are just part of that computation, which ultimately results in a discrete solution that cannot be determined with less hardware then is contained in the actual quantum system.
Quantum interactions define space and time, reception of quantum information destroys the signal, thereby destroying space and time, manifesting gravity.
Kinetic energy is relative motion of clocks. Clock rate is computation rate, so the relative clock is higher than just the clock rate given by e
mc2, the total energy, ehf perceived by some observer is the addition of these clocks. Kinetic energy is not a property of an object itself. Any object's speed is zero with respect to itself.
Double the energy discriminates 1/2 the time and 1/2 the distance. Space and time are manifest only fleetingly by events which define undirected space time intervals privately between independent clocks. The binary discrimination of our world where each bit discriminates 50% of the possible universes, distinguishes and manifests our world, rather than the set of all possible worlds.
The universe is driven by the fastest clocks that click the quantum clockwork of quantum communications. The sun drives our world by the destruction of the past, by it's immense gravity, consuming the ZPE of prior epochs of information organization, and synthesizing the expanding future with its great solar wind (which includes future ZPE) that breathes life into our expanding world, an information ecology evolving to defeat entropy.
See DiscreteRelativity for the updated model.
Comments and Questions
How constructive==== Do Hamming distances play a role in your model? ==== 'LOL, not that far yet.'
Q: "relative state changes are communicated exactly." If they are communicated exactly, how are you sure they are "relative"?
A: Where we are moving toward a light, we see it hotter, more blue, we see a faster clock. If we are moving away it is slower. But the individual events represent an exact integral change in quantum state, 100% of the original change adjusted for relative motion.
Q: "Two binary differences define four points, a tetrahedron of sorts, connected logically perhaps but there are no 120 degree angles to connect them, only 90 degree angles are manifest." If there is no absolute orientation, then wouldn't a 120 degree angle be peperceiveds a 30 degree angle? However, in a system where we only interact at the 90 angle points (0, 90, 180, 270, 360), anything whose binary differences were not aligned with ours would therefore not interact, and hence not be manifest. Humm... but if you only have cancel, double, or no action (paparallel then you only interact at the 180 degree points.... align positive ( same ), or align negative ( opposite ). And all others are ignored as there is no interaction. Correct? So... our 120 angle is really 120 and 240 then? So there is any interaction exact maybe at shared factor points with certain listeners? translated to the mundane real world, that sounds like high energy messages such as X-Rays, for instance. They don't tend to interact with much. Or have I really gone way off course?
A: no interaction is orthogonal, not parallel. Just as independent variables are orthogonal. When parallel they are related and can add or cancel depending on orientation. Indeed, we can project 180 and 270 degrees made from combinations of 90 degrees, but they need not be manifest. three independent differences logically manifest two right angles that need not correspond to any of our composite external spacial dimensions. Xrays hardly notice the small increase in mass density of much ordinary matter, but the change they represent is actively propagated by the changes in matter just as it is propagated by the changes in the vacuum energy.
Q: "Differences manifest what we call particles and anti-particles which manifest differences as a unit, not independently." Therefore: Half the universe should be anti-matter then. Where is it?
A: Atom are balanced in that there is a virtual opposite for every difference they manifest except spin. The variables, charge, color, charm, all add to zero, and at absolute zero, if it were achievable, atoms would be nothing. Spin is relative, and equal overall as well. The electron of a hydrogen atom, for example is completely balanced by a virtual positron manifest by the proton (opposite charge and spin).
Q: "Our world is manifest by random samplings of changes inside the quantum box (synthetic model)." This seems incorrect to me. Our awareness of our world is manifest by random samplings of the state change information we rereceivend (randomly) interpret. The universe is cocontinuouslyommunicating its state and its state changes. A star positively broadcasts its fusion of hydrogen into helium via the change information it releases (sunlight, solar wind, neutrinos, etc). Yes? So the random sampling is not due to listener form, so much as due to the awareness of the listener. Unless the randomness you refer to is in reference to the alignment of the factor points so that a listener is in the right point and alignment in space-time to be able to interact with a particular binary difference | information state-change packet (Quanta)?
A: The random samples of the quantum world manifest in the macrocosm are by accident of perspective. We might deduce that a quantum system was in state A, at one point, and state B, at another point, but we can never know what path it took or how many times it switched from A to B and back again when nothing in the macro world was watching. Information in the information universe only exists if it is manifest.
Q: "If you believe quantum mechanics, the observer of the last instant of the universe causes everything that really happens to happen" Does not the observers in the chain of events leading to the final observation ALSO cause everything to happen? It's a causal chain, isn't it? With each observation causing the next observation? The chain must take place. Therefore, it is the first observation in the first instant that causes everything that fallows. Logically speaking, you must have A to be able to have A splits into B and C. Although I believe that as a chain, it is bidirectional... the final observation is the final outcome because of the chain... just as the final observation is the final observation because of the first observation. If the milk is spilt because the bottle broke, and the bottle broke because it fell when you opened the fridge door and it was leaning against the door, and the bottle was leaning against the fridge door because you placed it poorly when you were through with it from pouring yourself a glass of milk, then the CAUSE of spilt milk is that you place the bottle poorly back in the fridge. Of course, we can extend this casual chain back to the very first observation which caused the universe to be born in the Big Bang. All events preceeding the final observation is the CAUSE of the final observation. This is why our reality is Causal... everything is the result of the preceeding observation. It is logical symmetry that allows us to say, all things lead to the end, and therefore take the position that the all observations lead to the final observation. But the final observation was determined in the first observation, due the the chain nature of causality.
A: Yes. But modern quantum theory is missing the ability to say for sure what happened in the first event until the last event is determined. This is a major weakness of modern quantum theory and one of the motivations for the Whitescarver Model.
Q: "The direction of time in quantum theory is ultimately random" ? Huh? Time is an event sequence. Time has no direction, as it is merely the interaction of a listener with an event. Each event is a "tick" of time. Everytime my body eats a bit of ZPE, a tick of time transpires for my body. Everytime an air molecule bounces off me (exclusion event), a tick of time goes by. Time is unidirectional because it is, by definition, an event. Events transpire. It is our awareness that gives us the concept of before a "personally significant or notable" event. Without events, there is no time. Due to the fact that time is the transpiring of events, and is therefore unidirectional (there is no such thing as an "unevent"), there can be no random direction for time. Time has no directional vectors, as there is no vector orientation of time. It is not a BINARY component of the universe. Our awareness tricks us into thinking there should be such an element because we are aware of state changes. But that is an an artificial construct of our base reasoning, due to our understanding of events (causal) chains. We understand that if we stick our hand into a fire, our hand will be harmed. Why? We recognize that possible causal chain/event sequence. Because we remeber event sequences, we recognize "time". We know that we were children, and grew up. Therefore, there was a time of "childhood" to us. But that was merely when our state information was very different from what it is today. However, because we are event chain recognizers, we order our awareness in such sequences, and have difficulty relating to our universe in any other terms. We remember "unevents"... but only because our brains remembers our own version of our history.
A: I disagree. Interaction events at independent participants are not necessarily ordered, but the ordering perceived by each participant is absolute and in one direction only, forward in time.
Q: "The absolute ordering for any object is agreed on by all observers" Patently false. No two listeners have to agree on the particular sequence of events recieved. I could rereceivehared events (with you) in a different order from what you recieved them in. It does happen.
A: Perhaps it needs to be stated more clearly? Consider objects to be event counters (clocks). They put up one finger when they receive a first events, two when they receive the second, and so on. No observer will see some participant hold up five, then four. All observers will see the counts only going up. No observer can see any clock ticking backwards, or any events where the effect precedes the cause.
Q: "events, non local by nature, are ordered in time" This seems like a poor statement to me. We call the local ordering of recieved events, time. Therefore, you are saying "Events are ordered by the ordering of local recieved events", but in a round about way. I think you should be clearer on this point. Space is merely un-recieved events. Precisely, space is the current ordering of un-recieved events. Time is the local ordering of recieved events. Because the order of the events is established locally, time is relative.
A: Okay, but the events still exhibit non-local correlations. To understand why this happens we must recognize that the individual events do not define time, only the sequence.
Q: "Event at the speed of light are therefore non local." Er... it seems to me that you seem to be getting lost in the ordering of un-recieved/recieved events. Local is everything you interact with. The sender of the events you interact with can be from any point in existance/the universe... as you can rereceiveessages from anything that has broadcast a message that has yet to be recieved (=space). Go outside one night and look up at the sky. All that light striking your retina is local to you, even though some of it started out from its sender many hundreds of thousands of "years" ago. In terms of a listener, every message it recieves is "local". All messages it does not recievreceiveon-local. ;)
A: A locality in physics has a very definite meaning, it means the same place at the same time. Differences, however, exist across the space and time they manifest excluding the possibility of purely local causality in the classical sense. It is convenient to think of the events themselves defining localities where local causality is preserved, but then we have to consider the possibility of localities being very large sometimes.
More comments and questions later. Very interesting read==== Please keep throwing those pearls before the swine. ;-) ---StarPilot ====
Thanks==== Your comments and questions are greatly appreciated. --JimScarver ====
They say that General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics have yet to be reconciled within a unitary conceptual framework. It seems obvious to me that the Whitescarver Information Model achieves just that. It does not however support the notion of the time space continuum, instead it postulates that only the discrete time and space manifest by quantum events exists. Events define space time intervals that are undirected in time between independent clocks. Sequences of events relative to any participant manifest the absolute time of the independent clock for the participant.
Quantum communications are the realization of state change exchanges. A state change in one place is mirrored by a state change in another place. State change information, adjusted for discrete relative motion, is faithfully exchanged in total privacy as there are no witnesses to the transfer as all of the energy has one singular effect of an integer number of states. Quantum systems that lose information are gone. Those that remain conserve information in aggregate manifesting a conservation of energy. Exchanges are integer multiples of the planck energy organized in a binary manner such that each bit discriminates 50% of possible time, space, orientation, etc. Quantum messages carry a unary state change value manifesting a sequence of Planck action changes in one dimension which carry one bit of orientation for the entire set, like a sequence of 11111111s or 000000000s, s or -----------s, yins or yangs. It cannot be assumed additional information is not encoded in the sequence as it need not appear as a single dimension to other observers, but only what is perceived by accident of perception, is manifest.
The information of our world results from the aggregate of random samplings of quantum information which are not private, but shared among participants. Information in this context is not conserved, it exhibits high entropy. Changes are not perceived directly, what is manifest, is changes in changes, perceived as oscillations.
Energy discriminates space and time inversely, higher state changes discriminate smaller times and distances. Manifestation of exact times and places is not free, it requires enough bits of information, manifest as Plank actions, to discriminate smaller spaces or times. Space ant time that is not discriminated by events is not manifest.
Everything is oscillations. Changes are oscillations, space, time, light propogation, energy and even mass may be understood as oscillations. They are manifest only as discrete oscillations in quantum state space. Space is a seething sea of oscillating virtual positrons and virtual electrons manifest by passing changes propagating each other, one dimensionally, without interference. Signals with more than 2 dimensions over time may manifest place in our 3 dimensional world. They may interact internally independent of our world, as a system of privately interacting oscillations lost to existence, or recieve signals and transmit nothing like a black hole, or as is more common, recieve and send change signals among participants, becoming a participant sampling the oscillations manifesting our world, in a participarory existence.
Fabric of Space
Oscilations at every frequency, canceling each other from every direction in vein, as a change cancelled, manifest oposite change of an identicle space time interval, propagating endlessly until perceived or lost to this world. We do not percieve the cancelling low energy signals as there are too many and they all add to zero. We know space has nearly the mass density matter at about 185 GeV/cm^3. Space can be visualized as superemposed oscilating grids of changes at every energy up to microwave. There are fewer and fewer signals withnessed at higher frequencies. We can expect that the high energy signals are propogated by multiple lower energy signals, cancelling, and therby propagating all of the binary differences in the signal, manifesting the organization of harmonics including first order1/2, 1/4, 1/8th, ..., and second order 1/3, 1/5, 1/7th, ... corresponding to the resonant discrimination of our world.
A single difference cannot oscillate in this model, but two diferences may oscillate each other. The frequency or energy of this 2 bit system has no absolute value. It is a relative property as only witnessed oscillations are manifest. Dimensionally, these correspond to neutrino pairs. These acquire frequency by interaction, with the vacuum and matter rarely witnessed.
Each binary difference is actually an independent logical dimension. That we see them lined up is a distortion of this reality representing entropy. Atoms represent the logical interaction of differences in a private internal world, uniform vacuum interaction manifesting inertia and gravity, plus the aggregate of the binary signals that manifest the atom as a participant in our classical realm.
Reconciliation of general relativity and quantum theory
Measurement has confirmed quantum theory and general relativity. This model, models our measurement, manifest as quantum communications, or the events manifest in our world. Although there are numerous details still waiting to be formally demonstrated, it is a certainty that this model must agree with quantum theory and general relativity since it is constrained by measurement and universal by nature. Event time is all we can measure, and apparently all that there is. Interacting binary differences is surely not the only model that will work, but is certainly one of the simplest.