There is a trick behind quantum magic
I once believed in the standard model of the quantum. It is a bazaar notion of reality. Experiment is suggesting, however, that it is a real stretch that obfuscates rather than enlightens us about the simple kinetics of allowed action in quantum state. On the one hand quantum theory is the most accurate theory ever devised by humanity, on the other hand it seems no one understands it. Standard quantum theory fails to determine a definite direction in time and fails to distinguish our universe from all possible universes. Clearly, we shall either never understand quantum theory, or we will undergo a radical paradigm shift before its comprehension is possible such that we can understand how relativity emerges from relative electrodynamic action. The action of quantum systems is certainly unexpected, but not intrinsically so bazaar as the standard interpretation might suggest.
Scientific progress is easiest when new facts build on previous knowledge. Quantum logical action however seems to contradict all previous knowledge. It is indeed strange in the context of classical theory. But, if we can view it independently, and ignore our preconceived notions, it is not so strange and can actually make perfect logical sense. For those who make the leap from the legacy foundations of physics and logic it will seem more like "how could it be otherwise", than a bazaar anomaly of nature.
We are taught to believe only what we can measure, but according to measurement it turns out that everything is relative. Is what we perceive relatively the ultimate truth? It is subjectively, but objectively it fails to be consistent and varies depending on who is looking.
Is there some absolute reality behind our relative perceptions? If everything were only relative, by relative perception, then we would need a model of every participant in order to model anything. There is, however, a consistency between relative experience that suggests there is indeed some predictable absolute reality behind our relative experience which enables the prediction of possible relative experience.
But this is an absolute reality we cannot perceive directly. All direct experience is a relative one. Can science describe the absolute reality that is not measurable directly? Science needs to be extended to include the simplest absolute model which accounts for what is measured, and to do so, must become skeptical of measurement from any preferred perspective. Absolute reality is independent of perspective and may be quite different from our ordinary perceptions biased by our perspective and relative motion. The existence of such absolute action is indicated and certainly not excluded. Quantum action includes an objective reality, just one very different from our classical notion of objective reality based on what can be perceived directly by the senses. I contend that comprehension of the quantum requires acceptance of this unobservable absolute reality as real.
Our ordinary "reality" is like a magic show. We believe what we see is real despite the unseen slight of hand. Science also largely denies the unseen. But it is certain that we only see a sparse random sampling of quantum systems. If we deny the reality of the unseen, we are doomed to a statistical interpretation, and we shall never understand its mechanism.
This article strives to be a factual account of what is known about quantum action. I contend we know a lot more than we think we know. But at the same time we also think we know much more than we know because we have been duped by quantum magic. The uncertainty principle, complementary, continuum, covariance, local causality, fields, forces, particles, waves, etc. are not facts of quantum logic intrinsically but only emergent illusions animated by quantum logic without any magic. Even the axioms of classical logic are not obeyed by the quantum. To explore the nature of quantum action we must abandon our prior notions of physics and logic and presume no more to exist than quantum action of momentum occupying independent state, and thus instantiating, relative quantum state space, which evolves in obedience to quantum logical entanglement toward an elusive equilibrium by non-linear logical action. It will be shown that quantum action alone can account for all experience as the only thing happening in the universe without any magic.
Quantum theory postulates a quantum configuration space, Hilbert space, of infinite dimension. It includes allowed transformation of state by quantum logical operations. It provides relations by which observables, or measurables, in our relative perception are manifest with great accuracy. It is consistent with our experience to the limits of measurement. It has been shown to be a complete description of reality without the possibility of local hidden variables.
But what is the reality, the Hilbert space, or the relative realm where our measurements are manifest? The Hilbert space represents an absolute reality from the perspective of a preferred clock and the measurements are derived generally from the same clock. This may be translated to a relative state space via the Dirac relativistic equation.
Let us suppose that a relative Hilbert space represents the ultimate reality. The first issue becomes, relative to what? This introduces the notion of participants in Wheeler's participatory universe. Each participant is an independent event time clock that ticks by reception and emission of information as energy vectors exhibiting changes in momentum occupying quantum state. Participants exhibit extant relative state space. Rather than include infinite dimension of the Hilbert space in reality, only those exhibiting momentum in state to some actual participant need be considered. This distinguishes our world from all possible worlds.
"No elementary quantum phenomenon is a phenomenon until it is a registered phenomenon. . . . In some strange sense, this is a participatory universe" (Wheeler 1982).
If we consider only that which happens there are only the effects of changing momentum state (flux) propagating orthogonally in configuration state space. The first order effect is the canceling of equal and opposite potentials (flux). These are the zeros, or solutions of the wave equation which includes both potentials. It is the matrix product of the complex unit matrix in matrix mechanics. This instantiates an annihilation of both potentials. Independent variables in the quantum are always independent of one another and never line up in any real number solution. Yet, independent potentials do find a way to cancel each other. This can happen mathematically in the imaginary plane solution orthogonal to both potentials, and it does so physically, not just in our imagination. The imaginary number axis is just an orthogonal, or independent dimension, it is an actual whenever more than one dimension is exhibited. At the most basic level quantum action is always a sideways twist in an independent direction registered by two participants from opposite perspectives.
We know that there can be in principle a line that is perpendicular to any two lines. The quantum action, or change in state occurs when equal and opposite potentials cancel in an independent direction. This action exhibits space and time inversely to energy as frequency, or clock rate of quantum action.
The second order effect is the negative change exhibited by each initial potential in the evacuated state. It is an equal and opposite potential which is folded orthogonal fold (flux/change). Each resulting potential is twice orthogonal from the other, opposite each other normally. One minus one is zero, but it is only change that is manifest so that one minus one exhibits minus one, not zero. In a trick of time the quantum defies annihilation of potentials by exhibiting change. Change is by nature relative to perspective so one minus one also exhibits minus one plus one. I may witness a change of plus one and relatively you witness a change of minus one. In the system including both you and I both minus one and one are both manifest. This translates physically into equal and opposite action. The canceling of equal and opposite action becomes the mechanism of the propagation of action across time and space by the change it exhibits.
To be a registered phenomenon which really happened, there must be a participants for each of the participating potentials, which themselves are annihilated and reversed by the change. There must be two participants for any action. This exhibits a bi-local causality which contradicts the classical notion of local causality. It is not magical action at a distance, it is, as Mead puts it, collective action. It is logically entangled, not by magic, but by simply being the opposite perspective of the same logical action. As different aspects of the same thing, the entanglement is immutable. Each participant must witnesses the loss of the annihilated potential or the synthesis of opposite potential. Such a registration instantiates an independent instant of absolute local event ordering time for each participant.
Cramer's Transactional model and Mead's Collective Electrodynamics illuminates this process far better than the Copenhagen interpretation but the mechanism is clear in the orthogonal matrix products in quantum mechanics, the Schrodinger equation, Clifford algebra, and all formulations of the quantum. As Cramer put it, the last hundred years of experienmen
Standard quantum theory is based on a preferred clock. However, basing configuration space on a preferred clock leads to time indeterminacy. Standard quantum theory is missing a definite direction in time. From special relativity and the light speed limit, we know that the ordering of events at any locality is immutable. No observer can directly observe the clocking of registered events at any participant locality going in reverse order. If we add this constraint to quantum theory that registered events are irreversible then we have agreement with special relativity. This is consistent with all experiment, without exception. It is not an unreasonable presumption. There is a time independence of distance divided by light speed between participants in an event such that it has no definite direction in time, but time is determined locally by the ordering of registered events. Fundamentally, individual events are bi-causal, not cause and effect. Only a sequence of local events define a definite direction in time which unambiguously exhibits causes and effects in a particular order independent of relative perception.
With the definition of irreversible event time direction included, experiment confirms that quantum action of right angle folding in configuration space accounts for all of electro dynamics and kinetics of our world to an accuracy of at least 24 decimal places. It requires no notion of fields or magical effects at a distance. Nothing has tiny effects on everything else. There is only change in momentum state occupied by canceling of opposite potentials. But by what magic does all this 90 degree folding synthesize the reality we perceive? There are no other angles in the quantum. There are no straight lines or circles. Everything is synthesized by right angle folds.
By our ordinary sensibilities it is impossible. Every angle is manifest in our realm, not just 90 degree angles. It is impossible to make a 10 degree angle out of 90 degree folds in three dimensional space.
The begs the issue. If we measure an angle of 10 degrees and three dimensions, but in quantum configuration space it is always zero or 90 degrees in a higher dimensional space time, what is the reality?
In configuration space, it is only 90 degrees or zero. This is the realm that determines what can happen. This represents the reality better than any approximation of fixed dimensionality. But the independence of direction is only significant only to one bit precision logically with respect to the perceived angle. Other logical constraints in the quantum system refine the angle we measure as accurately as we wish. Both the 90 degree angle in configuration space and the perceived angle of 10 degrees are real. The 90 degree angle internal to the quantum system is fundamental, representing one logical fact of independence, while the perceived 10 degree angle is emergent representing a multitude of logical entanglements instantiating a multitude of dimensions..
If we arrange a polarizer at zero degrees to quantum action, 100% of the action will pass. At 90 degrees, zero action will pass. The one bit of orientation information is obeyed perfectly 100% of the time. When we arrange the polarizer at 45 degrees, we are asking for the second bit of orientation information and half the actions will pass because we don't know what the second bit will be as it depends on logical entanglements that are external to the system being considered. At 10 degrees five internal logical entanglement bits are constrained. Uncertainty is the illusion born from missing local quantum logical configuration space information. Unpredictability is predictable, not inherent, in quantum systems. Reality is manifest to the number of bits exhibited by the logic of quantum action, further refinement is not uncertain, it is simply undetermined and has no definite value. A more exact value can only be obtained by discriminating, and thus exhibiting, additional bits of quantum logical information. That which is not exhibited by quantum logical operation is simply not manifest, it does not have any particular value which exists absolutely. some refinement of value may be discriminated cooperatively by future interaction or not. We can only know the future in an arranged quantum system. We can arrange the system such that any future value is produced. When the value is discriminated it is predictable by the perfect nature of quantum logic. The unknown state, past and future, makes our perception uncertain, since we lack this information. But the quantum obeys the logic whether we know it or not. It is simple deterministic reversible non-linear logic, not magic.
We say independent variables are orthogonal because they do not depend on one another, This is the meaning of independence. It means they do not co vary with each other. Mathematically they are at 90 degrees in configuration space. Physically we only measure this to one bit precision. Can we say the angle is really 10 degrees if that is what we measure? Not absolutely. The measured value can take any value from zero to 90 degrees depending on the relative motion of the observer. Objectively, the only absolute objective angle manifest is the 90 degrees manifest in configuration space since it is the only angle that is independent of who is looking.
The orthogonal fold of quantum action is mathematically in an imaginary direction including the square root of minus one, -1^(1/2). Mathematically, we can twist the axis of our number line by multiplying by i, the square root of minus one. This twist manifest a physical direction, not an imaginary one as the mathematical terminology might suggest. This allows independent variables to line up opposite each other and cancel in configuration space. Logically it states that they are equal but independent while instantiating physically a relative space time interval inverse to frequency and energy, or count of logical distinctions. Only space time thus manifest is extant with respect to configuration space. State space, and thus space time, not animated by orthogonally propagating momentum is not manifest.
The vacuum energy need not be postulated as random. It is background energy from sources unknown as could be expected from the apparent big bang. It is the lowest energy, the zero point, we measure relative to. It fills a stage exhibiting momentum animated in three dimensions not the infinite potential dimensions of configuration space. Locally only three degrees of freedom in time are logically presented.
In configuration space there are as many dimensions manifest as there are degrees of freedom in they system which exhibit interaction. There may be as many as there are elements in the quantum system. A system of four entities exhibits 6 dimensions if they are all exercised. These are local dimensions, however. They do not extend to any six dimensional continuum. They are private to the quantum system which exhibits them independent of other dimensions exhibited by independent quantum systems. Internally there are more than six potential dimensions. Each independent variable may represent an independent dimension in addition to the six potential degrees of freedom between them for a total of 10 in concept, but only six which may be actualized, and only four (3 1/2) that can be perceived externally. Adding elements to the system rapidly increases the potential dimensionality internally, but externally we can see only 3 dimensions of space and half a dimension of time.
Why should we consider these extra dimensions in configuration space actual? First of all because quantum logical entanglement in configuration space is perfect and immutable accurately anticipating measurement from any relative state space over any time or distance and there is no alternative model that works which is not consistent with the matrix mechanical orthogonal transforms in configuration space. Furthermore we can easily understand the different perceptions of different observers as parallax in projecting the absolute configuration space dimensionality into the unique limited dimensionality of the observer that depends on motion. Finally, it has been shown that there can be no mechanism that can express the system in fewer dimensions exactly. Thus the only complete description of reality includes all the dimensions exhibiting momentum in state in quantum configuration space. Should we exclude any, or add dimension not animated by quantum action, we open the door to inexplicable quantum magic.
Should we accept quantum configuration space as the ultimate reality and our own perception as the distorted parallax view, we must accept that an angle of 10 degrees does not exist exactly as 2/5 is not representable exactly in a finite number of bits of quantum logical action. Furthermore, while pi is evident in our world at the most fundamental level as the relation between angular and linear motion, it does not exist except by close approximation of many actions in quantum configuration space propagating orthogonally. In this view, the logical statement, "God created the integers, all else is man made [Kronecker].", is the physical reality as well. Finite discrete logic only exhibits both repeating binary fractions and non-repeating irrational numbers only approximately. They exist exactly only in our minds, the world of ideas, and our statistical classical illusion of reality. They are not physically manifest on the bottom layer as no infinite sum can be exhibited in finite time in any constructable system. In quantum logical reality only finite logic can be considered, all infinities must be abandoned.
Before we can speak meaningfully about photons exhibiting the exchange of momentum between electrons as predicted by matrix mechanics, or quantum logic. of the Schrodinger equation and matrix mechanics, we ought to understand and accept the basic nature of allowed quantum action. The classical view will always delude us but quantum action is not magic, it is well understood. We must accept that the classical view is just wrong. It describes the illusion, not the trick behind the magic.
We only perceive a sparse random sampling of the quantum. Our experience of the averaging of gazillions of events is not the complete truth. While quantum action may suggest many ways something can happen and we can never know exactly which way it happened, we know that what happens is only what is allowed by quantum action in configuration space with more certainty than any other scientific formulation.
One way to understand how quantum logic happens is the exclusion principle. Independent variables manifest independent logical space married by exclusion from common state. The exclusion instantiates a bidirectional adjacency delay distance. Intrinsically, the distinction in state is of arbitrary size, since it man take on all values, from one Plank length to billions of light years depending on relative motion. Only the singular logical fact of their distinction in quantum state is absolute. Action instantiates time and space and energy all together by constant relationships t=1/f, x=c*t, e=h*f. Time space and energy are never exhibited independently.
It is interesting that independent state implies an independent variable thus suggesting orthogonality such that the law of exclusion of from common state of common momentum having the same binary direction, is sufficient grounds to anticipate the extension of state space as happens in quantum configuration space, by orthogonal action that logically and thus physically enforces the exclusion from common state in an extant relative reference frame perspective. This joins quantum action with the mathematics of distinctions as bits of information such as in G-S-Brown's Laws of Form, and illuminates Wheeler's quandary of how we get "it from bit". Information about independence of state is what populates space and time.
A way to understand the result of quantum action in our ordinary space is as a relative resonance, where equal frequencies exhibit adjacent equal wavelengths of space time intervals such that space and time are defined and thus manifest. It just happens that the inability of equal energy to occupy common state, demands that resonant sequences, propagating this logical independence singularly exhibiting space, time and energy.
The electron is defined by two propagating orthogonal potentials with an angular momentum. The angle of the momentum is always 90 degrees. Each potential folds for times, for a total of eight 90 degree folds or 720 degrees in each cycle. It is not like a sin wave, it does not have an electric and magnetic field which vary in value over time. It is a constant potential which folds orthogonally eight time in what is called a spin network, spin ladder, twistor or spinor. While it seems odd that it must, in effect turn sideways eight times to turn around once, this is necessary since it has two vector components that must both turn around for one complete cycle. One component of spin is right handed independent of orientation, the other is overhanded or underhanded depending on orientation. Each orthogonal fold alternately follows the direction of each spin component.
We only see the end result of the folding, a final lateral and transverse potential. While eight orthogonal folds in principle might define eight independent dimensions, only two directed dimension vectors are manifest in our realm by an electron. The only effect in the end is two potentials, one lateral and one transverse by some exact number of cycle lengths defining time and space inversely to energy or clock rate of quantum action.
Photons represent an exchange of momentum between electrons as evidenced in the photoelectric effect in agreement with quantum action. The change is state of an electron is only by the emission or absorption of a photon. A photon in configuration space is a resonant series of space time intervals defined by spin networks of potentials folding eight times, exhibiting the elastic exchange of momentum between electrons in two dimensions.
Actually, reception or emission of momentum by electrons does no fully define two dimensions, they exhibit two directed vectors each only in one direction. Two dimensions in both directions is only defined collectively by the complete bi-local interaction. In the standard model, this includes both the photon, and its backwards in time partner, the anti-photon. This non-local effect is not magic, it is simply due to the logical limit of the reality which can be synthesized by quantum action. If we accept that only the reality exists which is synthesized by quantum logical action, this is what is expected, it is not magic. Dimensionality not exhibited by quantum action is not uncertain, it simply does not exist because is is not exhibited. The dimensionality exhibited has a bi-local nature without and absolute local reality of manifest position. Only relative position is manifest to a finite degree by extant quantum logical action.
If we consider the relative state space of each electron involved in the elastic transfer of momentum we find that momentum has a relative nature. In the rest frame of each electron it has zero momentum and zero kinetic energy. From each perspective the other approaching electron is seen to have a high kinetic energy. Each relative state space has an independent clock and sees energy transferred from the other electron at light speed. From each perspective the photon and the anti-photon switch roles. Each sees the others photon as an anti-photon going backwards in time. From either perspective time only moves forward but the illusion that time is going backwards for the other guy is allowed by the independence of the two clocks, x/c. The idea that time is going backwards for the other guy is an illusion, not magic, both clocks only go forwards actually. The fact is that absolute time is a local illusion that has been excluded by relativity and quantum theory. It only seems like magic if we still believe in absolute time. Einstein remarked that according to quantum theory, time direction ought to be random, but due to the intrinsic relative nature of momentum, and thus momentum transfer, the relative nature of time is implied by quantum action when only participant frames are considered.
We say electrons exert a repulsive force on one another. But the only action in the quantum is the equal potentials of an electron apparently bouncing off one another by exclusion from common quantum state because they are logically disconnected. These events are witness only by the participants. there is no effect on any other participants. Indeed, electrons moving toward each other will end up moving away from each other due to such interactions. Electrons repel each other only by discrete interactions, not by some magical influence at a distance where all electrons effect all other electrons. Our perception of the electric force is not magic, it is by the averaging of the effects of gazillions of interactions.
We perceive elastic action of equal energies which is readily accounted for by quantum action. Resonance of equal energies exhibits our perceived lattice of space and time. But we also energy "flowing" from higher energy to lower energy. Quantum action only propagates only by equal and opposite action. By what magic is it that unequal action happens in quantum logic which only acts where energies are equal? Again it is only by our relative perception that we judge the energies to be unequal. In quantum configuration space they are always equal. This can happen because there exists in quantum logic the possibility of a slower than light rest frame where the energies are in fact equal, and that quantum configuration space and thus that rest frame is in effect instantiated by the interaction undirected in time. We will always observe the greater energy flowing to the lower energy in our rest frame. Why? The simple answer is that quantum action is clocked by the fastest clock. It we accept that logical clocking and quantum clocking is the same thing, it follows that the fastest clocks must determine what logic is clocked. Which clock appears fastest depends on relative motion and clocking is local not absolute as allowed by the independence of clocks, x/c. It is not magic, it is just the nature of relative perception of logical action.
The Bohr model of the atom predicts only the simplest atoms. In order to predict all the atoms and have a complete representation of reality we can only rely on quantum action in quantum configuration space as described by matrix mechanics and the Schrodinger equation. Reconciling this quantum reality with our classical notion of particles and waves from our preferred perspective introduces dozens of arbitrary parameters and fails to account for all perspectives. Even Hawking's has admitted his belief there can be no unified field theory that accounts for everything. The answer is not to endlessly strive for a theory that extends legacy science of magical fields and forces effecting everything else in the universe, as the possibility of such an answer has largely been excluded. Instead, any theory of everything that describes the universe as it has been constructed, must consider only that which can be constructed by the kinetics of simple discrete quantum logical action. Experiment perfectly confirms such actions to be complete to the limits of measurement.
In addition to being consistent with our ordinary experience we can expect and have anticipated strange phenomenon due to the nature of quantum action from quantum interference to superconductivity and now even quantum gravity. Much of this I have been describing in the InfoPhysics yahoo group. From the perspective of quantum action the behavior of our world is expected, not strange.
I have long been considering the development a publication which presents all the evidence that quantum action does indeed account for everything. This article represents an introduction to such a publication. The challenge is to overcome the entire body of scientific foundation which stands contradicted by the simple reality of quantum action. It is a beginning of a new kind of science exploring the chaortic information ecology of quantum logical action extant in our world which exhibits dynamic physical action relativity as the active perception of static logical independence in the dynamical logical system thus constructed we call the universe.
I seek collaboration as this acceptance of the reality of quantum action is a new frontier of understanding which we have only scratched the surface of. But his may be too abstract for many to relate to easily. The meta mathematics of logical distinctions as in the Laws of Form is so simple a child can understand it. But that the constraints on reality are ultimately logical, not physical, presenting "it" in our relative perception, from "bit" in configuration space, requires a leap of faith into a different notion of reality.
Yet even our classical notion of logic has been trumped by the logic of the quantum exhibiting logic that is dynamical, not static, relative, not absolute. But it is not strange or magic, it is just different than we expected. Problems considered unsolvable by classical logic succumb to discrete quantum or evolutionary logic. It gets correct answers where classical logic fails to give complete answers. It mirrors "correct thinking", or right answers rather than classical rationalization. It appears to be that the universe may actually be logical, but at the same time demonstrating that the axioms of classical logic were not really God given.
Einstein said any theory of everything must be free of infinities. It is not logically describable how a finite world could be constructed other than by discrete dynamical logic. Unless some experiment uncovers some contradiction we already know perfectly what the simple logic of quantum action is by which our universe is apparently constructed and are discovering that we already have a theory of everything simply awaiting us to describe everything by its simple logic.